Wildlife Sanctuary travel information Kerala
away in the valley between the Anamali Ranges of Tamil Nadu and the Nelliampathy
Ranges of Kerala on the majestic Western Ghats is the Parambikulam Wildlife
sanctuary, a fine example of serene, tranquil and undisturbed eco system.
Situated in Palakkad district, it was originally a small tract of reserve
forest of 48 sq.kms. However, owing to growing wildlife needs, it was
expanded in 1962, and today it is a vast expanse of greenery of 285sq.kms
Ideally suited to
the growth of teak, the tract encouraged large scale teak plantations
through artificial regeneration in the early 20's. This was, however,
abandoned when a full-fledged Wildlife department was formed in 1985.
9,000 ha of teak plantations in the sanctuary are being managed in such
a way as to restore the forest's original status. A giant teak tree 40m
high and 6.4m in girth is a standing monument of the past aptly named
Several streams originate
from the hill ranges and flow down westward to join the river Chalakudi.
The terrain is most undulating with a valley in the basin. The Karimala
Gopuram is the highest peak (1444m). The average elevation is about 600m.
The sanctuary receives
much heavier rains between June and August. The eastern part of the sanctuary
receives more rains in October-November. Temperature drops substantially
and mist envelops the sanctuary in the morning hours.
Natural forests are classifieds
1. West coast tropical evergreen forests.
2. West coast semi evergreen forests.
3. South Indian moist deciduous forests.
4. South Indian dry deceiduous forests.
5. Moist bamboo brakes.
6. Reed brakes.
Tropical Evergreen forests (Area 50
sq.kms approximately) :
Wide variety of trees grow here. The top canopy consists of Palai, Punna,
Nangu, Vediplavu, Kalpine, Aini, Vellapine, Kambakam, Vellagil, Pathiri,
Nedunar, etc.Lower canopy predominantly consists of Vetti, Kara, Nasagam,
Marotti, Kurukutti, Cheru, Mullialvu etc. Undergrowth comprises Antidesma,
Calamus, Glycosmis, lxora species, etc.
Mammals: Bonnet macaque,
Liontailed macaque, Nilgiri langur, Loris, Tiger, Leopar, Jungle cat,
Civet, Mongoose, Fox, Bear, Elephant, Gaur, Nilgiri Tahr, Spotted Deer,
Sambar, Barking deer, Wild boar, Pangolin etc.
Pond Terapin, Cane Turtle, Gecko Skink, Chameleon,Snakes like King Cobra,
Spectacled Cobra, Krait, Viper, Python,Green keel back, Rat snake, Vine
noori, mooshu, poochutti, kollotty, exyprius,taral, etc.
Darter, Little Cormorant,
Black eagle, Lesser adjutant stork, Black capped kingfisher, Great Indian
hornbill, Broad billed roller, Black woodpecker.
The sanctuary is accessible
by road. Buses ply between Pollachi and Parambikulam. Pollachi is 60kms
away and has a railway station. The nearest airport is Coimbatore, 100kms
away. Visitors can have boat rides in the Parambikulam lake and tour the
sanctuary with the help of guides.
Wildlife in Kerala
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