Corbett National Park, India
the most beautiful Park in North and Central India, Corbett National Park
is India's first National Park. The Park was established in August 8,
1936, and named after the Governor of the United Provinces, Sir Malcolm
Hailey, as Hailey National Park. In 1952, the Park's name was changed
to Ramganga National Park. In 1957, the Park was renamed yet again, this
time after Jim Corbett, the famed hunter-author-photographer-naturalist.
Jim Corbett is famous
for his exploits in the jungles of Nainital and Kumaon, where he shot
many man-eaters. The Man-eaters of Kumaon,The Temple Tiger and The Man-eating
Leopard of Rudraprayag are a few of Jim Corbett's famous books. On the
road to Nainital from the Park is Jim Corbett's home, now a museum.
in the north of Uttar Pradesh, in Nainital and Garhwal districts, Corbett
National Park was the venue from where Project Tiger was launched on April
1, 1973. Project Tiger aimed at saving the tiger from extinction because
a census in 1970 revealed that the tiger population had dwindled to 2,000,
from 40,000 in 1913.
The Park is situated
in the Himalayan foothills, amidst forested mountains that range from
400m (1,312ft) to 1,210m (3,970ft) in height. Through most of the Park
flows the Ramganga River, on the banks of which lived a community in ancient
times. It is believed that these people cleared away a tiny part of the
forest, and made the area their home. Evidence in the form of terracotta
figurines and ruined temples further corroborate the fact that the Ramganga
valley was the home of an ancient civilisation.
Corbett National Park is rich in vegetation, with different kinds of trees
and shrubs. The lower reaches of the Park, where the land is flat compared
to the upper reaches, consists of tall and slender sal (Shorea robusta)
trees. Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) and khair (Acacia katechu) trees are
found in the middle reaches, while the upper reaches of the mountains
are full of bakli (Anogeissus latifolia), chir (Pinus roxburghii), gurail
(Bauhinia racemosa) and bamboo trees. The Park is dotted with lantana
shrubs, a species that is a great cause for concern. Imported years ago
from America, the lantana shrub ensures that nothing else grows near it.
In the Park are 110 species of trees, 51 species of shrubs, and over 33
species of bamboo and grass that are mostly found in chowds, or meadows.
Corbett National Park has more than 50 species of mammals, 585 species
of birds and 25 species of reptiles, but the Park is known for its elephants
and leopards, not its tigers. Many kinds of deer, namely chital (spotted
deer), sambar (Indian stag), chinkara (Indian gazelle), pada (hog deer)
and muntjac (barking deer) abound in the Park.
sighting is rare, in spite of a lot of alarm calls from monkeys and deer.
Elephant herds comprising tuskers, females and calves are commonly seen.
However, an elephant herd with calves is perhaps the most dangerous encounter
in the wild, for elephants are very possessive of their young and do not
hesitate to charge at intruding human beings.
Leopard sighting is
even rarer than that of the tiger, and these spotted cats confine themselves
to the higher reaches of the Park. Other feline species found in the Park
are leopard cats, jungle cats, the rare fishing cat, and caracal, to name
a few. Sloth bears, wild boars, monkeys, dholes (wild dogs), jackals and
ghorals (mountain goats) also inhabit the Park.
The aquatic reptile population in the Park consists of mugger (Crocodylus
palustris) and gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) crocodiles, while Indian
rock pythons, Russell's vipers, cobras, king cobras and common kraits
are some of the snakes found in the Park. Bird life includes parakeets,
flycatchers, babblers, cuckoos, robins, bulbuls, Indian and Great Pied
hornbills, warblers and finches, to name a few.
Jeep and Elephant
Safari in Corbett
Jim Corbett National Park endorses Jeep Safari, Horse Safari, Bird Safari,
Elephant Safari, Fishing safari and the Nature walk. Take an early dawn
elephant back safari with an authorized mahout guide.
Jeeps Safari, is the
most convenient and comfortable way to travel within Corbett National
Park. Jeep rides can be arranged at the Tourist Centre. Although jeeps
penetrate deeper into the forest than elephants, they cannot get nearly
as close to the wild animals. The jeeps can be rented for the park trips
from Ramnagar, from the KMVN Tourist Lodge and other travel agencies.
How to Reach
By Air : Phoolbagh, Pantnagar at a distance of 50 km is the nearest
airport. Delhi at a distance of 300 km is the nearest international airport.
By Rail : Ramnagar
is on the broad gauge track from where the road transport options have
to be availed to reach the park. For faster trains and connections to
other parts of India change at Moradabad.
By Road : Dhikala
is 300 km from Delhi, 145 km from Lucknow and 51 km from Ramnagar. Ramnagar
is served by frequent buses to and from Nainital and Ranikhet, 112 km
north. Buses arrive every half hour or so after the eight hour trip from
Delhi; Delhi Transport Corporation also runs semi deluxe services.
National Parks of India